Risk Perception

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15 record(s) found




ID Author(s) Title / Description Publication Year
9747 Ropeik, D.

Risk Communication: An overlooked tool for improving public health
Risk Communication: An overlooked tool for improving public health
URL: http://dropeik.com/dropeik/pdf/text_book_chapter.pdf

This book chapter discusses how risk communication should be used to improve public health. Segments of this chapter include: Risk Communication Defined, The Biology of Fear, Risk Perception Psychology,…

This book chapter discusses how risk communication should be used to improve public health. Segments of this chapter include: Risk Communication Defined, The Biology of Fear, Risk Perception Psychology, Recommendations, and Conclusions. 

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Source: Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Maxcy-Rosenau-Last, 15th ed., 2007.

Keywords:

emotions, fearfulness, methodology, public health, risk communication, risk perception

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20070000
2007
9566 Siegrist, M.; Cvetkovich, G.

Perception of Hazards: The Role of Social Trust and Knowledge
Perception of Hazards: The Role of Social Trust and Knowledge
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/0272-4332.205064

Recent research indicates that social trust of those who manage a hazard is strongly correlated to judgments about the hazard's risk and benefits. The present study investigates the more…

Recent research indicates that social trust of those who manage a hazard is strongly correlated to judgments about the hazard's risk and benefits. The present study investigates the more specific question of “For which hazards is this?” It was postulated that when an individual lacks knowledge about a hazard, social trust of authorities managing the hazard determines perceived risks and benefits. 

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Source: Risk Analysis, Vol. 20, No. 5, Oct. 2005, p. 713–20.

Keywords:

consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, cost benefit analysis, risk, risk perception, social sciences

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20051000
2005
9565 Tonsor, G.T.; Schroeder, T.C.; Pennings, J.M.E.

Factors Impacting Food Safety Risk Perceptions
Factors Impacting Food Safety Risk Perceptions
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-9552.2009.00209.x

The researchers developed and applied a model of consumer risk perceptions of beef food safety to better understand the underlying drivers of consumer demand for food safety. This shows…

The researchers developed and applied a model of consumer risk perceptions of beef food safety to better understand the underlying drivers of consumer demand for food safety. This shows how consumer demographics, country-of-residence, as well as reliance on, and trust in, alternative food safety information sources affect risk perceptions of consumers in Canada, Japan and the United States.

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Source: Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 60, No. 3, Sep. 2009, p. 625–44.

Keywords:

beef, Canada, consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, demographic statistics, Japan, models, risk perception

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20090900
2009
9502 Fischhoff, B., Bostrom, A., Quadrel, M.J.

Risk perception and communication
Risk perception and communication
URL: http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.pu.14.050193.001151

This paper describes the role of risk perceptions in public health including sections on quantitative and qualitative assessments.
The section on quantitative assessment treats the most obvious question about…

This paper describes the role of risk perceptions in public health including sections on quantitative and qualitative assessments.

The section on quantitative assessment treats the most obvious question about laypeople's risk perceptions: Do they understand how big risks are? It begins with representative results regarding the quality of these judgments, along with some psychological theory regarding reasons for error. It continues with issues in survey design, which focus on how design choices can affect respondents' apparent competence. Some of these meth­odological issues reveal substantive aspects of lay risk perceptions. 

The next section, qualitative assessment, shifts the focus  from summary judgments  to  qualitative  features of the events to which they are attached.  It begins with the barriers to communication created when experts and laypeople unwittingly use terms differently. The section continues  by  asking  how  people believe  that  risks "work," on the  basis of which they might generate or evaluate control options.

In addition, there is a section that provides a general process for developing communications about health risks. This process is illustrated with examples taken from several case studies. 

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Source: Annu Rev Public Health, Vol. 14, 1993, p. 183-203.

Keywords:

methodology, public health, quantitative analysis, risk communication, risk perception

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19930000
1993
9402 Goldstein, B.; Carruth, R.

Precautionary Principle and/or Risk Assessment in World Trade Organization Decisions: A Possible Role for Risk Perception
The Precautionary Principle and/or Risk Assessment in World Trade Organization Decisions: A Possible Role for Risk Perception
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.0272-4332.2004.00452.x/abstract

Risk analysis has been recognized and validated in World Trade Organization (WTO) decision processes. However, a WTO decision on asbestos containing language suggests that the precautionary principle, in the…

Risk analysis has been recognized and validated in World Trade Organization (WTO) decision processes. However, a WTO decision on asbestos containing language suggests that the precautionary principle, in the form of taking into account public perception, may be acceptable as a basis for a trade barrier. This article illustrates that food safety risk perceptions may play a key role in the future based on this WTO decision and explores the types of actions that may be advocated under the precautionary principle. This paper also provides a summary of WTO decisions and discusses the role of risk perception as part of the field of risk communication.

 

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Source: Risk Analysis, Vol. 24, No. 2, Apr. 2004, p. 491–499.

Keywords:

methodology, risk analysis, risk assessment, risk communication, risk perception

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20040413
2004
9396 Xie, X., et al

Role of Emotions in Risk Communication
The Role of Emotions in Risk Communication
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2010.01530.x

The researchers present two experiments investigating the role of emotions concerning technological and natural hazards and perceived risk. In the first experiment, emotions aroused by technological hazards and natural…

The researchers present two experiments investigating the role of emotions concerning technological and natural hazards and perceived risk. In the first experiment, emotions aroused by technological hazards and natural hazards were compared. The second experiment adopted real-world materials from webpages and TV. 

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Source: Risk Analysis, [Epub ahead of print], Nov. 24, 2010.

Keywords:

consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, risk perception, technology

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20101124
2010
9393 Groth, E.

Risk Communication in the Context of Consumer Perceptions of Risks
Risk Communication in the Context of Consumer Perceptions of Risks
URL: http://www.consumersunion.org/food/riskcomny598.htm

This resource includes an introduction of consumer perceptions of risks, barriers to communication and recommendations for effective communication such as: know your audience, practice democracy, define problems openly, deal…

This resource includes an introduction of consumer perceptions of risks, barriers to communication and recommendations for effective communication such as: know your audience, practice democracy, define problems openly, deal with uncertainty more explicitly, separate values and science, build trust, etc.

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Source: Consumers Union of U.S., Inc., Consumers International

Keywords:

consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, consumers, methodology, risk communication, risk perception

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9290 Lachlan, K.; Spence, P.R.

Communicating Risks: Examining Hazard and Outrage in Multiple Contexts
Communicating Risks: Examining Hazard and Outrage in Multiple Contexts
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2010.01511.x/abstract

This article examines the heuristic value of a model of risk communication outlined by Peter Sandman. It tests and expands the proposed constructs and seeks to establish a measurement…

This article examines the heuristic value of a model of risk communication outlined by Peter Sandman. It tests and expands the proposed constructs and seeks to establish a measurement model. Implications for the use of the model are discussed.

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Source: Risk Analysis, [Epub ahead of print], Oct. 12, 2010.

Keywords:

methodology, models, risk communication, risk perception

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20101012
2010
9226 Slovic, P.

Perception of Risk
Perception of Risk
URL: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0036-8075%2819870417%293%3A236%3A4799%3C280%3APOR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-N

This article provides a basis for understanding and anticipating public responses to hazards and examines the judgments people make when they are asked to characterize and evaluate hazardous activities…

This article provides a basis for understanding and anticipating public responses to hazards and examines the judgments people make when they are asked to characterize and evaluate hazardous activities and technologies.

This work assumes that those who promote and regulate health and safety need to understand how people think about and respond to risk. Without such understanding, well-intended policies may be ineffective.

This research aims to improve the communication of risk information among lay people, technical experts and decision-makers.

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Source: Science, New Series, Vol. 236, No. 4799, April 1987, p. 280-285

Keywords:

decision support systems, hazard characterization, methodology, public health, public policy, risk communication, risk perception

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19870400
1987
9042 European Food Safety Authority

Eurobarometer survey report on risk perception in the EU
Eurobarometer survey report on risk perception in the EU
URL: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/riskcommunication/riskperception.htm

This report by EFSA presents a survey conducted in 2005 to examine the risk perceptions of consumers.

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Source: European Food Safety Authority

Keywords:

consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, public health, risk factors, risk perception, surveys

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20060200
2006
8825 Pham, M.T., et al

qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety
A qualitative exploration of the perceptions and information needs of public health inspectors responsible for food safety
URL: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/345

This study was an in-depth exploration of public health inspectors' perceptions of the key food safety issues in public health, and their opinions and needs with regards to food…

This study was an in-depth exploration of public health inspectors' perceptions of the key food safety issues in public health, and their opinions and needs with regards to food safety information resources.

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Source: BMC Public Health, Vol. 10, No. 345, Jun. 16, 2010

Keywords:

cross contamination, food handling, food inspection, public health, risk perception, temperature

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20100616
2010
8649 Dosman, D.M.; Adamowicz, W.L.; Hrudey, S.E.

Socioeconomic Determinants of Health- and Food Safety-Related Risk Perceptions
Socioeconomic Determinants of Health- and Food Safety-Related Risk Perceptions
URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118982858/abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the significance of socioeconomic determinants of risk perceptions concerning health and food safety. A multivariate approach was used and the results…

The objective of this study was to analyze the significance of socioeconomic determinants of risk perceptions concerning health and food safety. A multivariate approach was used and the results were compared with earlier bivariate results to determine which socioeconomic predictors were robust across methods.

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Source: Risk Analysis, Vol. 21, No. 2, 2002, p. 307 - 318.

Keywords:

human health, risk factors, risk perception, social sciences

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20020000
2002
8286 Van Boven, L.; Swenson, G.

Our Emotions Can Lead Us Astray When Assessing Risks
Our Emotions Can Lead Us Astray When Assessing Risks
URL: http://www.colorado.edu/news/r/6930e329aca327f457e1070e238f90ff.html

This article discusses a recent study conducted which examined the way people view their immediate emotions, such as their perceptions of threats or risks.

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Source: University of Colorado

Keywords:

consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, food defense, mental health, risk perception

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20090000
2009
8173 Kuttschreuter, M.

Psychological Determinants of Reactions to Food Risk Messages
Psychological Determinants of Reactions to Food Risk Messages
URL: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118562936/abstract

To study the psychological determinants of the reaction to food risk messages, a survey was conducted in the Netherlands. Subjects had to imagine two situations involving chicken contamination and…

To study the psychological determinants of the reaction to food risk messages, a survey was conducted in the Netherlands. Subjects had to imagine two situations involving chicken contamination and report how they would react behaviorally if this situation occurred. Risk perception, affective response, perceived susceptibility to foodborne disease, self-efficacy, outcome expectation, trust, experience with foodborne disease, and need for information were also assessed.

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Source: Risk Analysis, Vol. 26, No. 4, Sep. 1, 2006, p. 1045 - 1057.

Keywords:

consumer attitudes, consumer behavior, foodborne illness, risk perception

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00000000
n/a
349 Fischhoff, B.; Downs, J.S.

Communicating Foodborne Disease Risk
Communicating Foodborne Disease Risk
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol3no4/fischof.htm

Article discusses risk communication and risk perception as related to foodborne disease risk

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Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 3, No. 4, October-December 1997, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Keywords:

foodborne illness, methodology, risk communication, risk perception

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19971000
1997