Guidelines and Standards on Risk Assessment

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18 record(s) found




ID Author(s) Title / Description Publication Year
10721

2013 Draft report to Congress on the benefits and costs of Federal regulations and agency compliance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
2013 Draft report to Congress on the benefits and costs of Federal regulations and agency compliance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
URL: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/inforeg/2013_cb/draft_2013_cost_benefit_report.pdf

This draft Report is being issued along with a draft of OMBs Sixteenth Annual Report to Congress on Agency Compliance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) (Pub. L.…

This draft Report is being issued along with a draft of OMB’s Sixteenth Annual Report to Congress on Agency Compliance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA) (Pub. L. No. 104-4, 2 U.S.C. § 1538). OMB reports on agency compliance with Title II of UMRA, which requires that each agency conduct a cost-benefit analysis and select the least costly, most cost-effective, or least burdensome alternative before promulgating any proposed or final rule that may result in expenditures of more than $100 million (adjusted for inflation) in any one year by State, local, and tribal governments, or by the private sector. Each agency must also seek input from State, local, and tribal governments.

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Source: White House

Keywords:

compliance

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9554 Food Standards Australia New Zealand

ANZFA's Standards Decision Making Framework: A Report to ANZFSC
ANZFA's Standards Decision Making Framework: A Report to ANZFSC
URL: http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/scienceandeducation/newsroom/archive/anzfasstandardsdecis1400.cfm

The Treaty between Australia and New Zealand in 1996 established a framework for the harmonization of food standards, the elaboration of a joint Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code,…

The Treaty between Australia and New Zealand in 1996 established a framework for the harmonization of food standards, the elaboration of a joint Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, in order to reduce unnecessary barriers to trade. In 2000, the Commonwealth, State and Territory Governments entered into a new Agreement, requiring amendment to the ANZFA Act and amendment to the Treaty with New Zealand. These two processes are being implemented at the moment. Possible and significant changes in the way that ANZFA operates, as a result, is annotated in this report.

 

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Source: Food Standards Australia New Zealand

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9366 Benford, D.

Principles of Risk Assessment of Food and Drinking Water Related to Human Health
Principles of Risk Assessment of Food and Drinking Water Related to Human Health
URL: http://www.ilsi.org/europe/pages/viewitemdetails.aspx?id=127&listname=publications

This concise monograph describes the approaches taken in establishing whether consumption of food or drinking water contaminated with certain chemicals or microorganisms may pose a risk to human health.…

This concise monograph describes the approaches taken in establishing whether consumption of food or drinking water contaminated with certain chemicals or microorganisms may pose a risk to human health. It aims to provide the non-expert with an appreciation of the scientific knowledge and uncertainties involved in the process of risk assessment. The underlying objective of risk assessment is to provide the scientific basis for control and management of risk. This concise monograph focuses specifically on risk assessment for human health. This document may also be found here.

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Source: International Life Sciences Institute

Keywords:

chemical hazards, dose response, drinking water, exposure assessment, hazard characterization, hazard identification, human health, laboratory techniques, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, monitoring, risk assessment, risk characterization

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20010000
2001
9355 National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria for Foods; Represented by Buchanan, R.L.

Principles of Risk Assessment for Illness Caused by Foodborne Biological Agents
Principles of Risk Assessment for Illness Caused by Foodborne Biological Agents
URL: http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iafp/jfp/1998/00000061/00000008/art00027

The Risk Assessment Subcommittee of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria in Foods has prepared a generic document on the principles of risk assessment as applied to biological…

The Risk Assessment Subcommittee of the National Advisory Committee on Microbiological Criteria in Foods has prepared a generic document on the principles of risk assessment as applied to biological agents that can cause human foodborne disease. Typical biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, helminths, protozoa, algae, parasites, and the toxic products that these agents may produce.

Basic principles elaborated to characterize food pathogen risks include the four broadly accepted components of risk assessment. The role of surveillance and investigational activities to link biological agents and their food sources to consumer illness is described as is the role of predictive modeling for food pathogens.

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Source: Journal of Food Protection, Vol. 61, No. 8, Aug. 1998 , p. 1071-1074

Keywords:

biological hazards, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, models, predictive microbiology, risk assessment

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19980800
1998
9335 ILSI Risk Science Institute Pathogen Risk Assessment Working Group, International Life Sciences Institute

Conceptual Framework to Assess the Risks of Human Disease Following Exposure to Pathogens
A Conceptual Framework to Assess the Risks of Human Disease Following Exposure to Pathogens
URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.1996.tb00835.x

This article illustrates the original ILSI Microbial Risk Assessment Framework developed in 1996.
This article explains that prior to 1996 microbial risk assessments were utilizing frameworks developed to assess…

This article illustrates the original ILSI Microbial Risk Assessment Framework developed in 1996.

This article explains that  prior to 1996 microbial risk assessments were utilizing frameworks developed to assess risks associated with chemical exposures. However, the applicability of the chemical framework was problematic due to many issues that were unique to assessing risks associated with pathogens. To address this concern, a working group was convened to develop a conceptual framework to assess the risks of human disease associated with exposure to pathogenic microorganisms.

The framework that was developed consists of three phases: problem formulation, analysis (which includes characterization of exposure and human health effects), and risk characterization. The framework emphasizes the dynamic and iterative nature of the risk assessment process, and allows wide latitude for planning and conducting risk assessments in diverse situations, each based on the common principles discussed in the framework.

This Framework was revised in 2000 after a water- and foodbrone pathogen risk assessment workshop held on May 11-12, 1999. You may find the revised ILSI Framework for Microbial Risk Assessment here.

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Source: Risk Analysis, Vol. 16, No. 6, Dec. 1996, p. 841-848.

Keywords:

chemical hazards, dose response, exposure, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, risk assessment, risk characterization

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19961200
1996
9334 International Life Sciences Institute

Revised Framework for Microbial Risk Assessment
Revised Framework for Microbial Risk Assessment
URL: http://www.unc.edu/courses/2006spring/envr/133/001/mrabook_ILSI_EPA_MicroRisk.pdf

The revised ILSI framework for conducting microbial risk assessments (MRA) including the companion glossary of terms for MRA (Section 4) and the table of synonymous terms in risk assessment…

The revised ILSI framework for conducting microbial risk assessments (MRA) including the companion glossary of terms for MRA (Section 4) and the table of synonymous terms in risk assessment (Section 5) are useful elements to consider in the continuing development and evolution of MRA.

This report also includes a summary of the water- and foodborne pathogen risk assessment workshop held on May 11-12, 1999.

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Source: International Life Sciences Institute

Keywords:

drinking water, food pathogens, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, risk assessment, terminology, water, waterborne diseases

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20000000
2000
9322 European Food Safety Authority

Good risk assessment practice
Good risk assessment practice
URL: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/efsahow/rapractice.htm

EFSA has developed a comprehensive body of risk assessment practices to help ensure EFSA opinions respect the highest scientific standards.
This body of best practice covers both the scientific…

EFSA has developed a comprehensive body of risk assessment practices to help ensure EFSA opinions respect the highest scientific standards.

This body of best practice covers both the scientific and procedural aspects of EFSA’s risk assessment workflow. EFSA continually seeks to build on these practices and develops further guidance, recommendations and processes to enhance its approaches. 

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Source: European Food Safety Authority

Keywords:

methodology, quality control, risk assessment, risk communication

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9239 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Risk Characterization Program
Risk Characterization Program
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osa/spc/2riskchr.htm

The Risk Characterization Program is part of the Science and Technology Policy Council at EPA. This Council is supported by a Steering Committee of Agency managers and scientific staff,…

The Risk Characterization Program is part of the Science and Technology Policy Council at EPA. This Council is supported by a Steering Committee of Agency managers and scientific staff, ad hoc working groups formed to study specific topics, EPA's Risk Assessment Forum, and a small staff from the Office of Science Advisor.

This website includes the EPA Guidance for Risk Characterizations and the Risk Characterization Handbook.

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Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Keywords:

risk analysis, risk characterization

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9238 International Programme on Chemical Safety, World Health Organization

Principles and methods for the risk assessment of chemicals in food
Principles and methods for the risk assessment of chemicals in food
URL: http://www.who.int/ipcs/food/principles/en/index1.html

This IPCS project was created to update the principles and methods for the risk assessment of chemicals in food. The individual chapters as well as all other relevant parts…

This IPCS project was created to update the principles and methods for the risk assessment of chemicals in food. The individual chapters as well as all other relevant parts of this document are published here separately.

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Source: World Health Organization

Keywords:

chemical hazards, dietary exposure, dose response, hazard characterization, hazard identification, methodology, risk assessment, risk characterization

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8784 World Health Organization

Risk Characterization of Microbiological Hazards in Food: Guidelines
Risk Characterization of Microbiological Hazards in Food: Guidelines
URL: http://apps.who.int/bookorders/anglais/detart1.jsp?sesslan=1&codlan=1&codcol=15&codcch=779

This volume presents guidelines for risk characterization of microbiological hazards in foods. These guidelines provide descriptive guidance on how to conduct risk characterizations in various contexts, and utilizing a…

This volume presents guidelines for risk characterization of microbiological hazards in foods. These guidelines provide descriptive guidance on how to conduct risk characterizations in various contexts, and utilizing a variety of tools and techniques. They have been developed in recognition of the fact that reliable estimation of risk is critical to the overall risk assessment.

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Source: World Health Organization

Keywords:

biological hazards, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, risk assessment, risk characterization

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20090000
2009
8293 Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization (WHO)

Exposure assessment of microbiological hazards in food: Guidelines, MRA Series 7
Exposure assessment of microbiological hazards in food: Guidelines, MRA Series 7
URL: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/mra7/en/index.html

The purpose of the guidelines is to provide a practical framework and approach for undertaking exposure assessment of microbiological hazards in foods in the context of a risk assessment…

The purpose of the guidelines is to provide a practical framework and approach for undertaking exposure assessment of microbiological hazards in foods in the context of a risk assessment or as a stand-alone process.

The guidelines are aimed at those with a scientific or technical background working in the public or private sector and who want or need to learn more about and undertake exposure assessment. However, it is also the intention of the document to assist risk managers and decision-makers to better understand the process of exposure assessment and help them to plan for and to provide the resources required to undertake such an assessment.

This document may also be found here.

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Source: Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization

Keywords:

biological hazards, exposure assessment, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, microbiology, risk assessment

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20080000
2008
7997 European Food Safety Authority

Transparency in Risk Assessment
Transparency in Risk Assessment
URL: http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/rapractice/ratransparency.htm

The European Food Safety Authoritys Scientific Committee has adopted a set of recommendations on transparency in risk assessment intended to guide the future work of EFSA and its Scientific…

The European Food Safety Authority’s Scientific Committee has adopted a set of recommendations on transparency in risk assessment intended to guide the future work of EFSA and its Scientific Committee and Panels and other scientific outputs produced by EFSA. They are contained in two opinions, covering scientific aspects and procedural aspects of the risk assessment process.

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Source: European Food Safety Authority

Keywords:

guidelines, methodology, risk assessment

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7780 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Risk characterization handbook
Risk characterization handbook
URL: http://www.epa.gov/OSA/spc/pdfs/rchandbk.pdf

This Handbook provides a single, centralized body of risk characterization implementation guidance for Agency risk assessors and risk managers tohelp make the risk characterization processtransparent and the risk characterization…

This Handbook provides a single, centralized body of risk characterization implementation guidance for Agency risk assessors and risk managers to
help make the risk characterization processtransparent and the risk characterization products clear, consistent and reasonable (TCCR).

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Source: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Keywords:

Environmental Protection Agency, risk analysis, risk characterization

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20001200
2000
4301 Risk Assessment Task Force, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

Examination of EPA Risk Assessment Principles and Practices
An Examination of EPA Risk Assessment Principles and Practices
URL: http://www.epa.gov/osa/ratf.htm

EPA staff paper that examines risk assessment principles and practices at EPA in light of public comments to OMB regarding current risk assessment practices. Includes discussion of EPA's risk…

EPA staff paper that examines risk assessment principles and practices at EPA in light of public comments to OMB regarding current risk assessment practices. Includes discussion of EPA's risk assessment approaches, the treatment of uncertainty and variability, how information and data gaps are addressed, issues associated with site-specific and chemical-specific assessments, ecological risk assessment, and recommendations for improving risk assessment at EPA

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Source: Office of the Science Advisor, Environmental Protection Agency

Keywords:

methodology, risk assessment

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2095 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO)/Institute for Hygiene and Food Safety of the Federal, Dairy Research Centre

Principles and Guidelines for Incorporating Microbiological Risk Assessment in the Development of Food Safety Standards, Guidelines and Related Texts - Joint FAO/WHO Consultation
Principles and Guidelines for Incorporating Microbiological Risk Assessment in the Development of Food Safety Standards, Guidelines and Related Texts - Joint FAO/WHO Consultation
URL: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/march2002/en/

Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Consultation held March 18-22, 2002 in Kiel, Germany. It includes background information and objectives of the consultation. Topics discussed include the development of guidelines…

Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Consultation held March 18-22, 2002 in Kiel, Germany. It includes background information and objectives of the consultation. Topics discussed include the development of guidelines for the use of microbial risk assessment in the development of food safety standards, experience gained from previous microbial risk assessments, and the special case of developing countries. Annex II to this report provides a list of background papers. Annex III is entitled "Draft Guidelines for Incorporating Microbiological Risk Assessment in the Development of Food Safety Standards." It includes discussion of preliminary risk management activities, risk management options evaluation, implementation of the decided upon controls, and monitoring and review issues. Annex IV discusses the application of microbial risk assessment by industry. This document may also be found here.

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Source: Food Safety Department, World Health Organization

Keywords:

biological hazards, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, risk assessment, risk management

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1596 Codex Alimentarius Commission

Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment, CAC/GL-30
Principles and Guidelines for the Conduct of Microbiological Risk Assessment, CAC/GL-30
URL: http://www.who.int/foodsafety/publications/micro/cac1999/en/

This document describes general principles of microbiological risk assessment. Includes guidelines on general considerations, statement of purpose, hazard identification, exposure assessment, hazard characterization, risk characterization, documentation, and reassessment. The…

This document describes general principles of microbiological risk assessment. Includes guidelines on general considerations, statement of purpose, hazard identification, exposure assessment, hazard characterization, risk characterization, documentation, and reassessment. The document is available in English, French, or Spanish

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Source: Food Safety Department, World Health Organization

Keywords:

biological hazards, Codex Alimentarius, methodology, microbiological risk assessment, risk assessment, terminology

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19990000
1999
1503 Lammerding, A.M.

International Framework for the Interaction Between Assessors and Managers of Microbiological Hazards
International Framework for the Interaction Between Assessors and Managers of Microbiological Hazards
URL: http://foodrisk.org/default/assets/File/IRAC-event-2002-07-24-Lammerding.pps

This presentation was given at the 1st International Conference on Microbiological Risk Assessment held in Adelphi, MD on July 24-26, 2002. It provides background on FAO/WHO frameworks for managing…

This presentation was given at the 1st International Conference on Microbiological Risk Assessment held in Adelphi, MD on July 24-26, 2002. It provides background on FAO/WHO frameworks for managing foodborne risks, and describes lapses in the FAO/WHO risk assessments conducted to date. It also addresses the functional need of separation of risk assessment and risk management, the need for guidance on interaction between the two, the need to clearly define the function and scope of the risk assessment, the benefits from the use of microbiological risk assessment, establishing risk assessment policy, commissioning the risk assessment, presentation and consideration of results, option assessment, challenges at the international level, and more. The pdf version of this presentation is available here.

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Source: FoodRisk.org

Keywords:

methodology, microbiological risk assessment, risk analysis, risk assessment

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20020725
2002
1192 Risk Analysis Working Group, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration

Initiation and Conduct of All 'Major' Risk Assessments Within a Risk Analysis Framework
Initiation and Conduct of All 'Major' Risk Assessments Within a Risk Analysis Framework
URL: http://webharvest.gov/peth04/20041031125526/http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~dms/rafw-toc.html

This report includes an overview of the CFSAN risk analysis framework, a description of a decision-based approach to identify and select risk assessments, a discussion of conducting risk assessment…

This report includes an overview of the CFSAN risk analysis framework, a description of a decision-based approach to identify and select risk assessments, a discussion of conducting risk assessment within the risk analysis framework, examples of communication questions between risk assessors and risk managers, a list of risk communication activities, criteria for identifying candidate risk assessments, and criteria for evaluating technical feasibility

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Source: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Food and Drug Administration

Keywords:

decision making, Food and Drug Administration, guidelines, methodology, risk analysis, risk assessment, risk communication, risk management

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20020300
2002